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Parks, Recreation & Cultural Services Headquarters, Mail Code 1200
1401 Recreation Way
Colorado Springs, CO 80905-1975
Phone: (719) 385-5940
Fax: (719) 385-6599
Email: spark@SpringsGov.c. . .
Hours: 8 am - 2 pm, Monday through Friday





City of Colorado Springs / Parks, Recreation & Cultural Services / Parks, Trails & Open Space / Parks / Regional Parks / Garden of the Gods / GOG Facts & History / Geology

Important Events in Garden of the Gods Geology

The timeline below gives an overview of the geological periods evident in the Garden of the Gods, starting from the present and working backwards through time. M.Y.B.P. stands for "Millions of Years Before the Present."

Need a detailed description of all these big words? Click on the Glossary at left. 

TIME M.Y.B.P.* Description
Holocene present-.01 Shaping of modern Garden of the Gods red rock landscape by the forces of erosion. Human Presence.
Pleistocene .01-2 Climatic fluctuations including 3 major periods of glaciation.

Mesa gravels deposited.

Pliocene 2-12 Mountain streams rejuvenated and begin canyon cutting.
Miocene 12-23 A third mountain-building pulse. (Rocky III)
Extensive erosion in Rockies, intermontane basins fill.
Oligocene 25-38 Volcanism in the region near today's Florissant Colorado.
Eocene 38-55 Rockies are above sea level.
Paleocene 60-70 Front Range is uplifted and intermontane parks form.
Sedimentary formations of the Garden of the Gods are tilted up. (Rocky II)
Cretaceous 70-135 Extinction of dinosaurs. A second major mountain building pulse begins in the Rockies, beginning the Laramide Revolution. Purgatoire, Dakota, Benton, and Niobrara Formations are deposited.
Jurassic 150 The Morrison Formation is deposited in tropical lowlands.
Triassic 180-225 Ancestral Rockies are completely eroded and buried under their own debris.
Permian 225-270 Lyons Sandstone and Lykins Formations are deposited.
Pennsylvania 275-310 A major period of mountain building begins as the Ancestral Rockies develop. Fountain Formation is deposited as alluvial fans along flanks of mountains. (Rockies I)
Mississippian 305-350 There is restlessness and early mountain uplift in the Rocky Mountain Trough.
Precambrian 600 Rocky Mountain Trough is initiated.
  1000 Pikes Peak Granite is formed

*Millions of years before present